Math Doubts

Tan triple angle formula

Expansion form

$\tan{3\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{3\tan{\theta}-\tan^3{\theta}}{1-3\tan^2{\theta}}$

Simplified form

$\dfrac{3\tan{\theta}-\tan^3{\theta}}{1-3\tan^2{\theta}} \,=\, \tan{3\theta}$

Introduction

It is called tan triple angle identity and used in two cases as a formula.

  1. Tan of triple angle is expanded as the quotient of subtraction of tan cubed of angle from three times tan of angle by subtraction of three times tan squared of angle from one.
  2. The quotient of subtraction of tan cubed of angle from three times tan of angle by subtraction of three times tan squared of angle from one is simplified as tan of triple angle.

How to use

The tangent of triple angle identity is used to either expand or simplify the triple angle tan functions like $\tan{3A}$, $\tan{3x}$, $\tan{3\alpha}$ and etc. For example,

$(1) \,\,\,\,\,\,$ $\tan{3x} \,=\, \dfrac{3\tan{x}-\tan^3{x}}{1-3\tan^2{x}}$

$(2) \,\,\,\,\,\,$ $\tan{3A} \,=\, \dfrac{3\tan{A}-\tan^3{A}}{1-3\tan^2{A}}$

$(3) \,\,\,\,\,\,$ $\tan{3\alpha} \,=\, \dfrac{3\tan{\alpha}-\tan^3{\alpha}}{1-3\tan^2{\alpha}}$

Proof

Learn how to derive the rule of tan triple angle identity by geometry in trigonometry.

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