Math Doubts

Tan of angle sum identity

Formula

$(1).\,\,$ $\tan{(a+b)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{a}+\tan{b}}{1-\tan{a}\tan{b}}$

$(2).\,\,$ $\tan{(x+y)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{x}+\tan{y}}{1-\tan{x}\tan{y}}$

Introduction

Let $a$ and $b$ be two variables. Let’s assume that they represent two angles. The sum of two angles is written as $a+b$ in mathematics. It is actually a compound angle. The tangent of a compound angle $a$ plus $b$ is expressed as $\tan{(a+b)}$ mathematically.

tan angle sum identity

The tan of the sum of angles $a$ and $b$ is equal to the quotient of the sum of the tangents of angles $a$ and $b$ by the subtraction of the product of tangents of angles $a$ and $b$ from one.

$\tan{(a+b)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{a}+\tan{b}}{1-\tan{a} \times \tan{b}}$

The above mathematical equation is called the tangent of angle sum trigonometric identity in mathematics.

Usage

The tan angle sum trigonometric identity is used possibly in two cases in mathematics.

Expansion

The tan of the sum of two angles is expanded as the quotient of the sum of the tangents of angles by the subtraction of the product of tangents of angles from one.

$\implies$ $\tan{(a+b)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{(a)}+\tan{(b)}}{1-\tan{(a)}\tan{(b)}}$

Simplification

The quotient of the sum of the tangents of angles by the subtraction of the product of tangents of angles from one is simplified as the tan of the sum of two angles.

$\implies$ $\dfrac{\tan{(a)}+\tan{(b)}}{1-\tan{(a)}\tan{(b)}}$ $\,=\,$ $\tan{(a+b)}$

Forms

The angle sum trigonometric rule in tangent function is written in several forms but it is expressed popularly in the following three forms.

$(1).\,\,$ $\tan{(A+B)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{A}+\tan{B}}{1-\tan{A}\tan{B}}$

$(2).\,\,$ $\tan{(x+y)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{x}+\tan{y}}{1-\tan{x}\tan{y}}$

$(3).\,\,$ $\tan{(\alpha+\beta)}$ $\,=\,$ $\dfrac{\tan{\alpha}+\tan{\beta}}{1-\tan{\alpha}\tan{\beta}}$

Proof

Learn how to derive the tan of angle sum trigonometric identity by a geometric method in trigonometry.

Math Doubts
Math Doubts is a best place to learn mathematics and from basics to advanced scientific level for students, teachers and researchers. Know more
Follow us on Social Media
Math Problems

Learn how to solve easy to difficult mathematics problems of all topics in various methods with step by step process and also maths questions for practising.

Learn more