$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f{(x)}+g{(x)}\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a}{\normalsize f{(x)}}$ $+$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a}{\normalsize g{(x)}}$

The limit of sum of functions is equal to the sum of their limits. It is called as sum rule of limits and also called as the addition rule of limits.

$f(x)$ and $g(x)$ are two different functions in terms of $x$. The sum of the functions is $f(x)+g(x)$.

Take the value of $x$ approaches $a$. The limit of sum of the functions as $x$ approaches $a$ is written in calculus in the following mathematical form.

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$

Now, substitute $x = a$ to find the value of sum of the functions when $x$ tends to $a$.

$\implies$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $=$ $f(a)+g(a)$

Now, evaluate limit of each function as $x$ approaches $a$

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize f(x) = f(a)$

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize g(x) = g(a)$

According to the result of the first step,

$\implies$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $=$ $f(a)+g(a)$

But $f(a) = \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize f(x)$ and $g(a) = \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize g(x)$ as per result of second step.

$\therefore \,\,\,\,\,\, \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {g(x)}$

It is proved that the limit of sum of the functions is equal to the addition of their limits.

The sum law of limits can also be extended to more two functions as well. If $f_{1}(x)$, $f_{2}(x)$, $f_{3}(x) \ldots$ are functions, then the sum rule of limits is written as follows.

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f_{1}(x)+f_{2}(x)+f_{3}(x)\ldots\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{1}(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{2}(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{3}(x)} \ldots$

Latest Math Topics

Jul 24, 2022

Jul 15, 2022

Latest Math Problems

Jul 29, 2022

Jul 17, 2022

Jun 02, 2022

Apr 06, 2022

A best free mathematics education website for students, teachers and researchers.

Learn each topic of the mathematics easily with understandable proofs and visual animation graphics.

Learn how to solve the maths problems in different methods with understandable steps.

Copyright © 2012 - 2022 Math Doubts, All Rights Reserved