$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f{(x)}+g{(x)}\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a}{\normalsize f{(x)}}$ $+$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a}{\normalsize g{(x)}}$

The limit of sum of functions is equal to the sum of their limits. It is called as sum rule of limits and also called as the addition rule of limits.

$f(x)$ and $g(x)$ are two different functions in terms of $x$. The sum of the functions is $f(x)+g(x)$.

Take the value of $x$ approaches $a$. The limit of sum of the functions as $x$ approaches $a$ is written in calculus in the following mathematical form.

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$

Now, substitute $x = a$ to find the value of sum of the functions when $x$ tends to $a$.

$\implies$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $=$ $f(a)+g(a)$

Now, evaluate limit of each function as $x$ approaches $a$

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize f(x) = f(a)$

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize g(x) = g(a)$

According to the result of the first step,

$\implies$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $=$ $f(a)+g(a)$

But $f(a) = \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize f(x)$ and $g(a) = \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize g(x)$ as per result of second step.

$\therefore \,\,\,\,\,\, \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f(x)+g(x)\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {g(x)}$

It is proved that the limit of sum of the functions is equal to the addition of their limits.

The sum law of limits can also be extended to more two functions as well. If $f_{1}(x)$, $f_{2}(x)$, $f_{3}(x) \ldots$ are functions, then the sum rule of limits is written as follows.

$\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize \Big[f_{1}(x)+f_{2}(x)+f_{3}(x)\ldots\Big]$ $\,=\,$ $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{1}(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{2}(x)} + \displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, a} \normalsize {f_{3}(x)} \ldots$

List of most recently solved mathematics problems.

Jul 04, 2018

Limit (Calculus)

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, \tan^{-1}{3}} \normalsize {\dfrac{\tan^2{x}-2\tan{x}-3}{\tan^2{x}-4\tan{x}+3}}$

Jun 23, 2018

Limit (Calculus)

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \to 0} \normalsize \dfrac{e^{x^2}-\cos{x}}{x^2}$

Jun 22, 2018

Integral Calculus

Evaluate $\displaystyle \int \dfrac{1+\cos{4x}}{\cot{x}-\tan{x}} dx$

Jun 21, 2018

Limit

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \to \infty} \normalsize {\sqrt{x^2+x+1}-\sqrt{x^2+1}}$

Math Doubts is a best place to learn mathematics and from basics to advanced scientific level for students, teachers and researchers.
Know more

Learn how to solve easy to difficult mathematics problems of all topics in various methods with step by step process and also maths questions for practising.