The discriminant of a quadratic equation determines the nature of the roots of the quadratic equation. The discriminant ($\Delta$ or $D$) is $b^2-4ac$ for the standard form quadratic equation $ax^2+bx+c = 0$.

There are six properties, which we need to understand to study the nature of roots of a quadratic equation. Learn all of them one after one with understandable examples.

01

The roots are two distinct real numbers if the discriminant is positive.

The roots are two distinct real and rational numbers if the discriminant is positive and can be expressed as a perfect square of another number, and the quadratic equation contains rational coefficients.

The roots are two distinct real and irrational numbers if the discriminant is positive and cannot be expressed as a perfect square of another number, and the quadratic equation contains rational coefficients.

02

The roots are different imaginary numbers and complex conjugates if the discriminant of a quadratic equation is less than zero.

03

The roots are real and equal if the discriminant of a quadratic equation is equal to zero.

04

There are two distinct roots if the discriminant is not equal to zero.

List of most recently solved mathematics problems.

Jul 04, 2018

Limit (Calculus)

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \,\to\, \tan^{-1}{3}} \normalsize {\dfrac{\tan^2{x}-2\tan{x}-3}{\tan^2{x}-4\tan{x}+3}}$

Jun 23, 2018

Limit (Calculus)

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \to 0} \normalsize \dfrac{e^{x^2}-\cos{x}}{x^2}$

Jun 22, 2018

Integral Calculus

Evaluate $\displaystyle \int \dfrac{1+\cos{4x}}{\cot{x}-\tan{x}} dx$

Jun 21, 2018

Limit

Evaluate $\displaystyle \large \lim_{x \to \infty} \normalsize {\sqrt{x^2+x+1}-\sqrt{x^2+1}}$

Math Doubts is a best place to learn mathematics and from basics to advanced scientific level for students, teachers and researchers.
Know more

Learn how to solve easy to difficult mathematics problems of all topics in various methods with step by step process and also maths questions for practising.