Math Doubts

Evaluate $\dfrac{\cos{x}-\cos{3x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+\sin{3x}}{\sin{x}}$ by Triple angle identities

The cosine of angle $x$ minus cosine of angle three times $x$ divided by cosine of angle $x$ plus sine of angle $x$ plus sine of angle three times $x$ divided by sine of angle $x$ is a trigonometric expression in the given trigonometry problem.

$\dfrac{\cos{x}-\cos{3x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+\sin{3x}}{\sin{x}}$

The trigonometric functions are involved with triple angle in the numerator of both terms of the trigonometric expression. So, the trigonometric expression can be evaluated by the triple angle trigonometric identities.

Expand the triple angle trigonometric functions

The second terms in the numerator of both terms in the given trigonometric expression are two trigonometric functions with triple angle. So, they can be expanded as per the triple angle identities.

$(1).\,\,$ $\sin{3x}$ $\,=\,$ $3\sin{x}$ $-$ $4\sin^3{x}$

$(2).\,\,$ $\cos{3x}$ $\,=\,$ $4\cos^3{x}$ $-$ $3\cos{x}$

According to the sine triple angle identity, the sine of angle three times $x$ can be expanded and the cosine of angle three times $x$ can also be expanded as per the cosine triple angle identity.

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{\cos{x}-(4\cos^3{x}-3\cos{x})}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+(3\sin{x}-4\sin^3{x})}{\sin{x}}$

Simplify each term in Trigonometric expression

The expression in both numerator and denominator in both terms of the expression is purely expressed in terms of sine of angle $x$ and cosine of angle $x$. Therefore, the expressions in each term can be simplified for finding the value of the trigonometric expression.

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{\cos{x}-4\cos^3{x}+3\cos{x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+3\sin{x}-4\sin^3{x}}{\sin{x}}$

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{\cos{x}+3\cos{x}-4\cos^3{x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+3\sin{x}-4\sin^3{x}}{\sin{x}}$

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{4\cos{x}-4\cos^3{x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{4\sin{x}-4\sin^3{x}}{\sin{x}}$

The cosine of angle $x$ is a common factor in both terms of the numerator of first term and the sine of angle $x$ is a common factor in both terms of the numerator of second term in the trigonometric expression. Now, they can be taken out common from the terms.

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{\cos{x} \times (4-4\cos^2{x})}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x} \times (4-4\sin^2{x})}{\sin{x}}$

$=\,\,$ $\dfrac{\cancel{\cos{x}} \times (4-4\cos^2{x})}{\cancel{\cos{x}}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\cancel{\sin{x}} \times (4-4\sin^2{x})}{\cancel{\sin{x}}}$

The terms in the trigonometric expression are released from the rational form. Now, let us focus on simplifying the trigonometric expression further.

$=\,\,$ $(4-4\cos^2{x})$ $+$ $(4-4\sin^2{x})$

$=\,\,$ $4-4\cos^2{x}$ $+$ $4-4\sin^2{x}$

$=\,\,$ $4$ $+$ $4$ $-$ $4\cos^2{x}$ $-$ $4\sin^2{x}$

$=\,\,$ $8$ $-$ $4\cos^2{x}$ $-$ $4\sin^2{x}$

Find the value of expression by simplification

The trigonometric expression is simplified and it is time to find the value of the trigonometric expression. Negative four is a common factor in both second and third terms. So, it can be taken out common from them.

$=\,\,$ $8$ $-$ $4 \times (\cos^2{x}+\sin^2{x})$

According to the Pythagorean identity of sine and cosine, the sum of squares of sine and cosine functions is equal to one.

$=\,\,$ $8$ $-$ $4 \times (1)$

$=\,\,$ $8$ $-$ $4 \times 1$

$=\,\,$ $8$ $-$ $4$

$=\,\,$ $4$

Another method

$\dfrac{\cos{x}-\cos{3x}}{\cos{x}}$ $+$ $\dfrac{\sin{x}+\sin{3x}}{\sin{x}}$

Learn how to evaluate the $\cos{x}$ minus $\cos{3x}$ divided by $\cos{x}$ plus $\sin{x}$ plus $\sin{3x}$ divided by $\sin{x}$ by the sum and difference to product transformation identities.

Math Doubts

A best free mathematics education website for students, teachers and researchers.

Maths Topics

Learn each topic of the mathematics easily with understandable proofs and visual animation graphics.

Maths Problems

Learn how to solve the maths problems in different methods with understandable steps.

Learn solutions

Subscribe us

You can get the latest updates from us by following to our official page of Math Doubts in one of your favourite social media sites.

Copyright © 2012 - 2022 Math Doubts, All Rights Reserved