Slope of a straight line can be expressed in terms of coordinates of any two points of the same straight line. It is also used to calculate the slope of the straight line but this method is actually used to calculate slope of the straight line when the angle, made by the straight line is unknown but the coordinates of any two points of the line is known.
is a straight line in a plane and it makes an angle with horizontal axis in anticlockwise direction.
Now, draw a line from point
(parallel to horizontal axis) and also draw a line from point
(perpendicular to the horizontal axis). The lines drawn from point
intersect at a point, which is assumed to call point
. Thus, it forms a right angled triangle
. The line segments
become hypotenuse, adjacent side and opposite side of the right angled triangle
. Assume, the angle between adjacent side and hypotenuse is
. Observe, right angled triangle
carefully. The angle of the right angled triangle is same as the angle made by the straight line
According to principle definition of slope of the straight line, the relation between slope of the straight line and angle made by the straight line is written in mathematics as follows.
The slope of the straight line is
Assume, the point
is located at
and also assume the point
is located at
Observe the right angled triangle
The length of the opposite side is
The length of the adjacent side is
However, trigonometric function tangent can be expressed as ratio of opposite side to adjacent side. It is written in mathematical form as follows.
We have known that slope of a straight line is
Now, replace the value of tangent to get the slope of straight line in terms of the coordinates of any two points of the straight line
Therefore, the slope of the straight line
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