Math Doubts

Sign of cos function in first quadrant

Sign

$\cos{\theta} \, > \, 0$

The sign of value of cos function in first quadrant is always positive.

Proof

$\Delta AOB$ is a right triangle in the first quadrant of the two dimensional space. The angle of the right triangle is taken as theta. The sign of cos function in first quadrant is evaluated by the ratio of lengths of adjacent side to hypotenuse. Therefore, let’s find the sign of cos function in first quadrant geometrically.

sign of cos function in first quadrant

In first quadrant, the $x$-axis and $y$-axis both represent positive values. So, the lengths of the adjacent side and opposite side are denoted by $x$ and $y$ respectively. Mathematically, they are written as $x > 0$ and $y > 0$.

$\cos{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{OB}{OA}$

$\implies \cos{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{x}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}}$

The length of adjacent side is $x$ and it is positive. The length of opposite side is $y$ and it is also positive in this case. So, the value in the numerator is positive and the square root of sum of squares of $x$ and $y$ in denominator is also positive.

$x > 0$ and $\sqrt{x^2+y^2} > 0$. Therefore, the sign of ratio between them must be positive mathematically and it proves that the sign of the value of cos function in first quadrant is positive.

$\, \therefore \,\,\, \cos{\theta} \, > \, 0$



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