Math Doubts

Reciprocal identity of Cosecant function


$\sin{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{1}{\csc{\theta}}$


Cosecant is a ratio of lengths of hypotenuse to opposite side and the sine is a ratio of lengths of opposite side to hypotenuse. The cosecant and sine functions are reciprocals mutually. So, the reciprocal of cosecant of angle is equals to sin of angle.

$\Delta QPR$ is a right triangle and the angle of this triangle is theta.

right triangle

Write cosecant in its ratio form

Express the cosecant of angle theta ($\csc{\theta}$ or $\operatorname{cosec}{\theta}$) in its ratio form firstly.

$\csc{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{PQ}{QR}$

Write sine in its ratio form

In the same way, express sin of angle theta ($\sin{\theta}$) in its ratio form.

$\sin{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{QR}{PQ}$

Relation between cosecant and sine

Write the value of sin function in its ratio form in reciprocal form and it is useful to prove the relation between cosecant and sine functions in trigonometry.

$\implies \sin{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{1}{\dfrac{PQ}{QR}}$

$\,\,\, \therefore \,\,\,\,\,\,$ $\sin{\theta} \,=\, \dfrac{1}{\csc{\theta}}$

Therefore, it is proved that the reciprocal of cosecant function is equal to sine function and it will be used as a formula in trigonometric mathematics.


The angle of right triangle can be denoted by any symbol but the reciprocal identity of cosecant function must be written in the respective angle.

For example, if $x$ is used to represent angle of right triangle, then

$\sin{x} \,=\, \dfrac{1}{\csc{x}}$

Similarly, if $A$ is used to denote angle of right triangle, then

$\sin{A} \,=\, \dfrac{1}{\csc{A}}$

The reciprocal identity of cosecant function is written in this form everywhere but the only changing factor is angle of the right triangle.

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