A method of factoring a polynomial as a product of two factors by splitting the middle term of a quadratic form basis expression is called the factorization (or factorisation) of a mathematical expression by splitting the middle term.
An expression is in the form of a trinomial $ax^2+bx+c$. In some cases, it can be factored by splitting the middle term and the process is called the factorisation (or factorization) by splitting the middle term.
It is essential to have knowledge on the factoring by grouping to understand the factorization by splitting the middle term.
The quadratic expression can be factored by the following steps.
The given algebraic expression is already in descending order. So, need to do anything with the given polynomial.
Find the product of first and last terms of the expression.
$x^2 \times 8 \,=\, 8x^2$
Try to split the middle term $6x$ as two terms but their product should be equal to $8x^2$.
$2x+4x = 6x$ and $(2x)(4x) = 8x^2$.
$= \,\,\,$ $x^2+2x+4x+8$
Now, group the terms to factorize the algebraic expression by grouping.
$= \,\,\,$ $(x^2+2x)+(4x+8)$
$= \,\,\,$ $x(x+2)+4(x+2)$
$= \,\,\,$ $(x+2)(x+4)$
Therefore, the given trinomial $x^2+6x+8$ is factored as $(x+2)(x+4)$ by splitting the middle of the given expression.
The list of questions with solutions to learn how to factorise an expression by splitting the middle term.
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