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Equation of a circle centered at the origin


$x^2+y^2 \,=\, r^2$


A circle without touching any axis of the two dimensional cartesian coordinate system is a standard form a circle and its circle is called the equation of a circle in standard form.

circle centered at the origin of two dimensional space

Let $C$ represents the center (or centre) of a circle, $P$ represents a point on the circumference of the circle and $r$ represents the radius of circle.

Let $a$ and $b$ be $x$ and $y$ coordinates of center (or centre) and the center in coordinate form is written as $C(a, b)$. Similarly, $x$ and $y$ be the horizontal and vertical coordinates of point $P$ and it is written as $P(x, y)$ in coordinate form.

The equation of a circle in standard form is written in mathematics as follows.

$x^2+y^2 \,=\, r^2$


Learn how to derive the equation of a circle in general form when the circle does not touch both axes.

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