Math Doubts

Cosine values

The trigonometric function cosine gives a value for each angle in a right triangle and it is called the cosine value. In trigonometry, there are several cosine values but five cosine values are mostly used and they are also used to derive the remaining cosine function values mathematically.

Table

The special values of cosine function for some standard angles are listed here with mathematical proofs in a tabular form. The following cosine chart is really helpful for learning the advanced trigonometric mathematics.

Angle $(\theta)$ Cosine value $(\cos{\theta})$
Degrees Radian Grades Fraction Decimal Proof
$0^\circ$ $0$ $0^g$ $1$ $1$
$30^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{6}$ $33\dfrac{1}{3}^g$ $\dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$ $0.866$
$45^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{4}$ $50^g$ $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$ $0.7071$
$60^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{3}$ $66\dfrac{2}{3}^g$ $\dfrac{1}{2}$ $0.5$
$90^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{2}$ $100^g$ $0$ $0$

Chart

The cosine values for different angles are listed in the following tabular form.

Angle $(\theta)$ Cosine value $(\cos{\theta})$
Degrees Radian Grades Fraction Decimal Proof
$18^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{10}$ $20^g$ $\dfrac{\sqrt{10+2\sqrt{5}}}{4}$ $0.9511$
$36^\circ$ $\dfrac{\pi}{5}$ $40^g$ $\dfrac{\sqrt{5}+1}{4}$ $0.809$
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