A number that is being multiplied by another number in a product is called a factor in arithmetic.
Two or more real numbers are multiplied together to find their product. Now, every multiplying number is called a factor. In arithmetic, the factors are in number form in the product. Hence, every factor can be called an arithmetic factor.
Let’s understand the concept of factors from an arithmetic example.
$2 \times 5 \times 7$
The numbers $2$, $5$ and $7$ are three real numbers and they involved in multiplication to represent their product.
It means, every number that involved in multiplication while finding the product of numbers is called a factor.
Now, let’s learn the concept of a factor further in arithmetic.
$3 \times 4 \,=\, 12$
The real numbers $3$ and $4$ are involved in multiplication and their product is equal to $12$.
You clearly understood the concept of the factors in arithmetic. Let’s discuss the concept of factors to understand further.
The number $6$ is a real number and it can be written as $1 \times 6$
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